The Church, the Temple, and the Body of Christ

Summary:

The Church

The word "church" comes from the Greek word ekklesia, which comes from two words meaning "out-from" and "called" - putting these words together it means "called out from." A church is an assembly of people called out from other people for any reason. It does not refer to a particular type of building or a house, even though the church may meet in a particular type of building or in a house.

Throughout the new covenant writings (Acts - Revelation) the word "church" is primarily used to refer to the people who have already believed regarding the Lord Jesus Christ and have become holy-people (children of the only true God, saints, Christians). The truth that all holy-people have received the gift of holy spirit is what distinguishes this church from any other group of people.

The Temple

The Greek word ieron is translated as "temple" and usually refers to the temple building in Jerusalem. This temple was the place where God was present for/with His people during the old covenant times (prior to Acts chapter 2).

The temple had an outer wall which divided...

  • the people whom God had chosen to be His people, who were Israel - they sometimes believed and obeyed Him and therefore were permitted inside this temple enclosure,
  • from those people who did not believe what He said and therefore they rejected Him - these Gentiles (other nations) were kept outside of the outer wall of the temple.

Inside of the temple there was a middle wall (a partition), which bordered-off...

  • the "Holy of Holies" - where God's presence was manifested and where the High Priest had access to God's presence only once a year,
  • from the people of Israel who came into the temple.

As well as this, over the years there were a certain number of people who were of the Gentile descent but who wanted to become part of God's people because they believed what He said. God gave permission for those people to go within the outer wall of the temple, but they could only go inside a certain distance. There was a second middle wall inside the temple between...

  • Israel (who could go inside as far as the middle wall which bordered-off the Holy of Holies)
  • and the Gentiles who also wanted to worship and serve the only true God. Also, these Gentiles had to become circumcised in flesh to demonstrate that they truly wanted to have God as their God and to partake of the covenant, which God originally made with Abraham and which later became part of God's covenant with Israel.

The Interior Temple

There is a different Greek word naos which is also translated "temple" by other translators. However, the True Bible Study word translation writes "interior-temple" to specify what part of the temple is being referred-to by this Greek word.

Prior to the time when Jesus accomplished salvation, the interior-temple usually referred to the innermost-part, the most sacred area within the temple in Jerusalem, where the only true God's presence was manifested-forth during the old covenant times, called the "Holy of Holies."

Today God's interior-temple is not a stone or brick building or other destructible materials such as a physical temple in today's Jerusalem. God's interior-temple is made up of His people who have received the gift of holy spirit, and the Lord Jesus Christ is the foundation. It consists of all holy-people (true Christians) no matter what location we may live-in on the earth.

There will again be a temple including an interior-temple area in Jerusalem between Christ's coming to gather all holy-people together with him in the air and the descending of the new Jerusalem as written about in Ezekiel chapters 40-48 and Revelation 21:2. However, in the new Jerusalem the interior-temple will be as written in Revelation 21:22.

The Body of Christ

All holy-people (Christians) are limbs of the one spiritual body of Christ. This is similar to a physical foot and arm and eye, etc, being in a person's physical body - many limbs, and all the limbs together constitute one body. We are the one spiritual body of Christ and Christ is the head, plus we all share-in-common the same holy spirit-life.

Scripture References and Details:

Ephesians chapter 1 refers to when and how the church was created:

Ephesians 1:20-23:
.20which He in-worked in Christ, having raised him up out-from dead-people and having caused (him) to-sit-down in His right-side in the heavenlies .21super-above all rulership and authority and ability and lordship and every name being named not only in this age but also in the (age) being about to (come) .22and "He subjected all-things under his feet," and He gave him (who is) head over all-things to the church .23which is his body (which is) the fullness of the (one) filling all-things in all-people.

Paul writes that God in-worked (produced effects by being in work, energized)...

  • the strongness of His strength
    • within the Christ (the Anointed-one, the Messiah)

...how?...

  • God raised Jesus Christ up out-from dead-people
  • and God caused the resurrected Christ to be seated within His right-side in the heavenlies (God's spirit realm)

...super-above (up-above, on-top, up-over) all or every:

  1. rulership (first-placed, chief or dignified hierarchical position),
  2. and authority (authoritative power, permitted right),
  3. and ability (able power, capability),
  4. and lordship (mastership, dominion),
  5. and all/every name being given a name (a "name" incorporates the fullness of everything involved with the one named)
    • not alone during the present age (duration of life),
    • but also in the age that is on the point of taking place (in the process of arriving),
  6. and "He subjected all-things under his feet" (God arranged all things in the position of being underneath, legally in complete submission or subjection to Christ's feet; refer to Psalm 8:6),
  7. and He gave Christ who is head over all-things to the church
    • which is his body
    • and Christ's body is
      • the fullness (the filling, full contents, fulfillment)
      • of the one, Christ,
      • who is causing himself to fill (to make full with himself, fulfilling)
      • all things
      • within all holy-people.

God willingly presented Christ, who is head over all-things, to/for the church. The word "head" figuratively refers to his being the chief or principal part. God placed Christ in the position or function of being the head over all-things to/for the church - and this church is Christ's body. Christ is the head and all holy-people are limbs (members) of his one spiritual body because Christ fills us with his own fullness – we have the spirit of Christ in us (refer to Colossians 1:27).

Acts chapter 9 refers to the church:

Acts 9:31:
.31Therefore indeed the church, according to the whole of Judea and Galilee and Samaria, had peace, being edified and journeying with the fear of the Lord and with the encouragement of the holy spirit it was multiplied.

At that time the church was not being persecuted and so it was peaceful...

  • being edified (built-up as a house is built up bit-by-bit and layer-by-layer)

...and the holy-people who were in this church were going about daily life...

  • with the fear of the Lord (being afraid at the consequences of their performance of any wrong behavior, and so they were manifesting the awe and respect that is rightfully due and ought to be shown towards the Lord Jesus Christ)
  • and with the encouragement of the holy spirit (the exhortation issuing from the gift of holy spirit within all of them)

...and the church was filled into fullness with holy-people.

I Corinthians chapter 1 refers to the members of the church:

I Corinthians 1:1-3:
1:1Paul, called, an apostle of Christ Jesus by means of (the) intention of God, and Sosthenes, the brother - .2to the church of God, the (church) being in Corinth, (consisting of people) having been made-holy2 in Christ Jesus, called, holy, together with all the (people) calling-upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to-themselves in every place, theirs and ours; .3grace to you and peace from God our Father and (our) Lord Jesus Christ.

In verse 2 Paul addresses this letter to...

  • the church of God,
    • emphatically and specifically the church being in Corinth (this church is the church that belongs to God existing in the location of the city of Corinth; he wrote "church of God" to distinguish it from any other church being in Corinth at that time which did not belong to God),
  • consisting of people who have already been made-holy and continue holy (sanctified people, saints, people who remain sanctified, set-apart from the state of being common, defiled or unclean against God by coming into the state of corresponding to the essence of God Who is Holy Spirit) - how? -
    • within the cause and sphere of action of Christ Jesus (referring to the truth that they had previously received God's gift of holy spirit via the Lord Jesus Christ),

...together (jointly, in conjunction) with all the holy-people who are...

  • calling upon the name of our Lord Jesus Christ to themselves (inviting him to themselves by turning appealingly towards him; during the current age it is only the people who have already received the gift of holy spirit who can call upon him to themselves)
  • in every place (everywhere, in all locations that holy-people are living),
  • theirs and ours (emphatically he is the Lord/Master of the holy-people in other locations and of us also).

It is the holy spirit-life within every holy-person, which is the spirit of Christ, that made everyone in this church in Corinth holy in Christ Jesus. Paul did not write that it was because of the particular type of clothes or shoes they wore, nor the type of hairstyles they had, nor whether they drank coffee or not, etc. This church in Corinth belonged to God and consisted of people who had already been made holy in Christ Jesus - they were called and holy, and they were calling upon the name of the Lord Jesus Christ to themselves.

I Corinthians chapter 14 refers to our behavior in the church:

I Corinthians 14:12:
.12Thus also you, since you are zealots of spirits you must seek-after in order that you may exceed towards the edification of the church,

Since you are people who are zealous pertaining to the many ways by-which the holy spirit within us contributes to each one of us...

  • you must look for the purpose and result that all of you would exceed (abound)
    • towards the edification (building-up)
      • of the church.

In verse 33 Paul writes:

Verse 33:
.33for God is not of instability but of peace, as in all the churches of the holy-people.

God is not consisting-of and characterized-by instability (of not standing down firm or fixed on what He says, of not having the quality or state of being stable, of being unsteady)...

  • but God is of (consisting-of and characterized-by)
    • peace,
    • as He is in all the churches of the holy-people (not only in the church located in Corinth).

Peace is tranquil harmony, tranquility, peaceful wholeness, without any strife or disagreement. All of God's children are at peace with God our Father and our Lord Jesus Christ because it is given to us from God and the Lord Jesus Christ, therefore all Christians should behave peaceably with one-another also.

Romans chapter 16 refers to local churches: 

Romans 16:1 and 2:
16:1But I commend to you Phebe your sister being also a minister of the church, the (church) in Cenchrea, .2in order that you may accept her towards-yourselves in (the) Lord worthily of the holy-people and you may stand-beside her in what-ever matter she may have need of you, for she also was caused-to-become a patroness both of many other-people and of me myself.

As Paul approaches the end of his letter (epistle) to the holy and Godly-loved people in Rome, he includes commendations and greetings. He writes: I commend Phebe to you...

  • your sister (she is your sister in the spirit category because she has received the same gift of holy spirit as all of you)
    • who is also being a minister (one who serves to benefit others, not 'being-subject' to them but doing work to bring others profit, one who carries-out her day-by-day ministerial duties, her duties of service to/for God)
      • pertaining to the church,
      • emphatically and specifically the church located in Cenchrea (a port/harbor at the eastern side of Corinth),

...for the purpose and result that...

  • you would accept her towards yourselves (welcome her, receive her, willingly take her to yourselves)
    • within the cause and sphere of action of the Lord (emphasis is being placed on the truth that the Lord Jesus Christ is the Master)
      • worthily of the holy-people (in a manner that is of equal value, of like worth with Christians, as being correctly weighed on a scales and thus deserving)
  • and you would stand near-by her (present yourselves beside her in the sense of being supportive of her)
    • in what ever matter (during any performance, action, the result of something she practices, business, fact, deed, event)
      • she would have need of you (have a necessity for your useful help),

...in truth, emphatically she also became...

  • a patroness (one who protects, helps, and supports others)
    • both of many other people
    • and emphatically of me.
Verses 3-5:
.3You must greet Prisca and Aquila - workers-together with me in Christ Jesus, .4the-people-who put the neck of themselves under(-risk) on behalf of my soul, to whom not only I thank but also all the churches of the Gentiles - .5and the church according to their house. You must greet Epaenetus, my loved-person1, who is from (the) beginning of Asia into Christ.

You must greet Prisca and Aquila (salute them, draw this wife and husband to yourselves), who are...

  • joint-workers with me (they expend their energy in conjunction with me, my coworkers)
    • in Christ Jesus (emphasis is being place on the truth that the Lord Jesus Christ is the Anointed-one; within the cause and sphere of action, character, and attributes of Christ Jesus),
  • the people who put the neck of themselves under risk (they put themselves in danger of execution)
    • in the interests of my physical life (so that I can continue living my everyday life in the natural realm as evidenced by my breathing, to keep me from being killed by those who oppose me),
  • to whom not only emphatically I thank (not alone am I myself grateful to them)
    • but also all the churches of the Gentiles (every one of the assemblies of holy-people, who are of the Gentile background, are thankful to them)

...and also you must greet the church of holy-people who gather together in their house periodically (to learn God's Word, pray, etc).

Colossians chapter 4 refers to another local church:

Colossians 4:15:
.15You must greet the brothers in Laodicea, and Nymphas and the church according to her house. 

You must greet the brothers (all those who have received the gift of holy spirit, holy-people) in Laodicea, also Nymphas and the church that is in her house.

This woman Nymphas gathered an assembly of holy-people in her house from time to time so that they could sing and pray and hear manifestation of holy spirit (refer to I Corinthians 12-14) and share and teach God's Word, and have meals together, etc.

Philemon chapter 1 also refers to a local church:

Philemon 1:1 and 2:
1:1Paul a prisoner of Christ Jesus and Timothy the brother – to Philemon the loved-person1 and worker-together with us, .2and Apphia the sister, and Archippus the soldier-together with us, and the church according to your house;

Paul addressed this letter to...

  • Philemon
    • the one who is loved with God’s kind of love (he is beloved)
    • and joint-worker with us (you expend energy in conjunction with myself and Timothy, our coworker in the things of the ministry),
  • and Apphia
    • the sister (this woman was a sister of all the holy-people because she also had received the gift of holy spirit),
  • and Archippus
    • the soldier together with us (joint soldier, serving as a soldier with military precision in conjunction with us, we soldier together in the spirit realm; refer to Ephesians 6:10-18),
  • and the church according to your (Philemon’s) house.

This man Philemon also used to gather an assembly of holy-people in his house from time to time.

I Timothy chapter 3 refers to the behavior of those who oversee a local church:

I Timothy 3:1(b)-7:
3:1(b)If someone reaches-for overseership he intensely-yearns a beautiful work, .2therefore it is necessary (for) the overseer to be irreproachable, husband of one wife, sober, sound-thinking, orderly-arranged, loving-strangers, apt-to-teach, .3not wine-oriented, not quick-to-strike but considerate, without-fighting, without-loving-silver, .4beautifully standing-before (his) own house having (his) children in subjection with all reverential(-behavior) .5(but if someone did not know2 to stand-before (his) own house, how will he be-concerned-for God’s church!), .6not newly-planted in order that having been conceited he may not fall-in into judgment of the devil, .7but it is necessary also to have a beautiful witness from the (people) from-outside in order that he may not fall-in into reproach and trap of the devil.

Paul writes regarding the walk (behavior, conduct) of any holy-person...

  • who stretches himself out to attain (reaches at/after)
    • an overseeing function (the work of watching, scoping, the duty or function to have watchful-care and guardianship pertaining to other holy-people)
  • he intensely yearns a beautiful work (notice it says “work” and it does not say “gift”).

Verse 4 says that a holy-person who reaches for an overseer function in the church should be standing in-front-of those living in his own house, all the household, as the leader presiding over them in a manner that has a manifested decorous, harmonious and acceptable goodness. This includes his children being in submission to him and behaving in a manner having deference to God and all the things of God, the kind of behavior which is deserving of reverence and respect from their father and others towards his children.

However, if that holy-person does not perceive to preside over those within his own household - how will he be concerned for God’s church; how will he have an object of thought for/to God’s assembly of holy-people; how will he have care-for and take-care-of the church of God! 

In verses 14 and 15 Paul writes:

Verses 14 and 15:
.14These-things I write to you, hoping to go towards you in quickness .15but if-ever I may be-slow, in order that you may know how it is necessary to behave in (the) house of God which is (the) church of (the) living God, (the) pillar and seat of the truth, 

Paul explains to Timothy that he is writing these things to him expecting at a future time to go towards him with speed. But even if it should happen that he would have a delay in going, what Paul writes in this letter is for the purpose and result that Timothy would know how it is necessary to behave…

  • within the house of God (God’s dwelling, among His household)
  • which is the church of the living God (this is the assembly of God Who is alive – the living God’s church),
    • the pillar and seating of the truth (it is the column or firm-support and it is the settlement or stationary location of the essential reality, God's inherent verity – this is the spiritual state and standing of God’s house, the church where God Who is alive lives).

We (holy-people) have the spirit of Christ in us - we can believe as Christ Jesus believes, and we can behave in reverence as he behaves in reverence of/towards God Who is his Father and our Father.

All of us are in God's house, we are the church of the living God, and we are waiting to be taken-up in glory by our Lord Jesus Christ when he comes to gather us all together with him in the air.

I Corinthians chapter 9 refers to the livelihood of those who work with/for God:

I Corinthians 9:13-15(a):
.13You knew2 that the (people) working the sacred-things eat from the temple, the (people) attending to the sacrificial-altar distribute-together with the sacrificial-altar, don't you? – (yes).14thus also the Lord throughly-arranged for the (people) messaging the good-message to live from the good-message; .15(a)but I did not use2 not-one of these-things.

The word translated as “sacred-things” in verse 13 comes from the same Greek root word that gives us the words: temple, priest, Jerusalem, temple utensils and services and areas and all belonging to God. Paul was reminding the Corinthian church of how during the old covenant times God made provision for His servants in the temple to be given food to eat, shelter, etc, because their lives were dedicated to ministering to God's people. They were doing what God wanted them to do, and the people who worked in the fields with the animals, or planted, or reaped their own harvest were doing what God wanted them to do also. Then all of them were to partake of each other's work and help each other as they all carried-out God's will.

In the manner in which God had made provision for all of His people during the old covenant times...

  • the Lord has also arranged through-and-through (put fully in order)
    • that the people who are bringing the message
      • consisting of the good-message (the gospel, the only message which is good or well, which is what God has given mankind to believe regarding Himself and His son, the Lord Jesus Christ)
    • to other people,
    • ought to live (to have life in all of its fullness) out-from the good-message during this present age (which began on the day of Pentecost recorded in Acts chapter 2).

Paul and every person who messages the good-message of Christ should be taken care of by the other holy-people. However, Paul makes it clear to the Corinthian holy-people that...

  • he himself has not and still does not use any of these availabilities and privileges which God and the Lord Jesus Christ have entitled him to use (because he messages the good-message)
    • for his personal purposes or as a means to sustain or maintain himself.
Verse 15(b):
.15(b)But I did not write these-things in order that thus it may become in me... 

Even though Paul writes these things pertaining to how the men/women who are carrying-out God's will messaging the good-message ought to be taken care of by other holy-people, he writes:

  • but I did not write these things
  • for the purpose and result that in this manner it would come to pass in me.

He is making sure that they do not think that he is writing this suggesting that they begin giving him all kinds of provisions now, or so that they would feel obliged to give him things, or that they would feel guilty for not having given him sustenance before this time. They were not to base their giving and receiving, their whole living, on guilt or feeling obligated to any man or because it would "look good" - that would only be lying, using a disguise and it may result in corruption, bribery, egotism, boasting, etc, among themselves.

In verse 18 Paul writes:

Verse 18:
.18Therefore what is the compensation to me? In order that good-messaging I may put the good-message without-expense with-a-view not to abuse my authority in the good-message;

What is the compensation to/for me (what wage do I receive)? It is for the purpose and result that while I am preaching the gospel of God's Word I may put (I would place, set) this good-message without expense (free of charge, without cost to the people to whom I speak).

Paul was so thankful for the privilege of being allowed to good-message that he considered being able to put the good-message without expense to others to be his compensation. Paul did not charge other people for him to carry-out his apostleship towards them – he was not doing it for the money!

They did not have to spend anything in order to hear the good-message which Paul made-known. Why would Paul do this? He writes: for the purpose of not abusing (over-using) my authoritative power in the good-message. Paul's purpose was not to abuse the rights and/or privileges which he had authority to exercise within (inside the sphere of action of) the good-message with-which he was trusted.

Verse 23 reads:

Verse 23:
.23but I do all-things because-of the good-message in order that I may become a sharer-in-common-together of it.

Paul writes: I do all these things on account of the good-message for the purpose and result that I would cause myself to become...

  • a sharer in common together (a joint partaker of/with/in the same-thing, a co-sharer, having participation, communion, partnership sharing together with what would be common to both parties, which in this case is in conjunction with other holy-people)
    • of/with the good-message.

He wanted to share in common together with others of everything that the good-message makes available to mankind. He was not being deceptive towards these people, but he was teaching them from their level of thinking and understanding so that he could raise them up to the level of the good-message, raise them up in their thinking and understanding giving them the opportunity to believe what God says and receive all the blessing that is now available from God by means of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Acts chapter 20 refers to the watchful care by the overseers of the church:

Acts 20:28-31:
.28You must have-attention to yourselves and to all the little-flock among which the Spirit, the Holy (Spirit), put you (to be) overseers to shepherd the church of the Lord which he acquired-for-himself by means of the blood, (his) own (blood). .29I knew2 that weighty wolves will come into you after my departure not sparing the little-flock, .30and from you yourselves adult-males will stand-up uttering-forth (things) having been throughly-turned2 to pull-away the learning-disciples behind them. .31On-which-account you must wakefully-watch remembering that three-years night and day I did not stop with tears admonishing each one (of you).

Paul says to those who were assigned a leadership function within the church: "You must turn your minds, thoughts and attention…

  • towards/for yourselves and
  • towards/for all the little-flock (figuratively referring to every one of the holy-people in your areas of responsibility)
    • among which the Spirit,
    • emphatically and specifically the Holy Spirit (referring to God Himself, emphasizing the truth that He is Spirit and He is Holy)
  • placed you to be overseers (watchers, people who have been given the duty or function to have watchful care and guardianship)
    • to shepherd the church of the Lord (to take care of and protect, to exercise the whole office of a shepherd which involves not only feeding the flock but also leading and guiding and guarding, etc - to shepherd the assembly of holy-people belonging to the Lord Jesus Christ),
      • which he acquired for himself (he made the church to be around/about himself)
      • by means of the blood,
      • emphatically and specifically his own blood (through the shedding of his own blood and thus making redemption and salvation available)."

Paul continues: "Emphatically I knew and continue to know (perceive) that…

  • weighty (heavy with fullness, heaviness with a lot of pressure and burdensome severity)
    • wolves (figuratively referring to certain people who are dangerous, emphasizing their attacking, rapacious, violent, devouring character and attributes) 
  • will come into you after my departure (they will move into your company after I go away from you at this time)
    • not sparing (not abstaining from using or doing something to/with)
      • the little-flock.

Also, grown men out from among you yourselves will stand-up speaking things that have been and stay completely turned-around (twisted 180 degrees from the truth of God's Word, perverse, distorted, turned the wrong way) for the purpose of drawing away the learning-disciples (students) to follow after them.

Wherefore you (elders who are overseers to shepherd the church)…

  • must wakefully watch (be watchful, keep awake; figuratively: have your eyes open and be spiritually alert and sensitive to what God and the Lord Jesus Christ want you to know and do)

…remembering (calling to your minds, having in memory) that for the space of three years, night and day (at all available times), I did not stop (cease, willingly take my rest) in company and association with tears admonishing each one of you (with strong emotion putting you in mind of these things)."

I Corinthians chapter 10 refers to our behavior towards three (3) groups of people:

I Corinthians 10:32:
.32You must become un-stumbling-people both to Judeans and to Greeks and to the church of God,

You must cause yourselves to become people who do not stumble off of the truth of God's Word that you already know to/with...

  1. Judeans (people of the Israeli background who have not yet believed what God says and thus have not received the gift of holy spirit within them)
  2. and Greeks (Hellenists, Greek-speaking people of the Gentile background, referring to people belonging to nations other-than Israel who have not yet believed what God says and thus have not received the gift of holy spirit within them)
  3. and the church of God (all holy-people who have already heard and believed what God says and have already received the gift of holy spirit within them).

We should not cause other people to stumble from the truth of what God says and wants all people to hear and believe and obey - no matter what their background may be.

Acts chapter 19 refers to a "church" - but this particular church did NOT consist of holy-people:

Acts 19:32:
.32Therefore indeed other-people shouted some other-thing, for the church was having been confused2, and more-people had not known by-reason-of what-thing they had come-together.

In the theatre area there was a mob and some people were shouting one thing and other people were crying out something else! In fact, the church – referring to the assembly of that mob of people – was confused and they stayed confused (perplexed, mixed-up in their minds).

Also a lot of people (the majority) did not perceive what the purpose for coming together like that was all about – but they joined-in anyway!

Verses 39 and 40 record some of what the public official in that city said to them:

Verses 39-41:
.39But if you earnestly-seek-after something further it will be loosened-upon in the lawful church. .40For also we face-danger to be arraigned of a standing (of insurrection) concerning today, not-one cause being from-the-beginning concerning which we will be able to give-away a word concerning this combination." .41And having said these-things he loosened the church.

While speaking to the mob of people who were rejecting God's Word, the public official told them that if they intensely look for something more, it must be solved in the lawful church - the assembly of called-out people specifically for that matter, which is within the range of the law, according to the laws of that province. Then, he let that particular church go away from that location.

Matthew chapter 21 refers to the physical temple located in Jerusalem during the old covenant times:

Matthew 21:12-14:
.12And Jesus went into the temple and he threw-out all the (people) selling and buying in the temple, and he turned-down the tables of the money-changers and the seats of the (people) selling the doves, .13and he says to them, “It was written2, ‘My house will be called: house of prayer’ – but you make it a cave of robbers.” .14And blind-people and lame-people came-towards him in the temple and he attended-to them.

Jesus went into the temple and he cast out all the merchants selling and buying (trading and buying as in the marketplace) within the outer courts of the temple.

He also overturned the tables of the money-changers (where they would profit by exchanging things for the small coins needed by some at this time to be given to the temple) and the seats (chairs, suggesting an authoritative and judging position over others) of the people selling the doves that were needed by some for offerings (refer to Leviticus 1:17).

Jesus says to them, “It was written and continues written (God’s Word has not changed; it is still written)...

  • ‘My house will be called (My dwelling, home, habitation will from now on be called by the name):
    • house of prayer (house of communication to/with Me, God, the general speaking towards/with Me)’

...but you make it a cave of robbers (a cavern containing men who plunder by violence and open force).”

Jesus cleansed the temple for the Passover and the Feast of Unleavened Bread (refer to Isaiah 56:7 and Jeremiah 7:11).

Then blind-people and lame-people went towards Jesus in the temple and he attended to them (he treated them therapeutically; he took care of them as necessary).

Acts chapter 17 refers to interior-temples made by the hands of mankind:

Acts 17:24 and 25(a):
.24the God, the (God) having made the world and all the-things in it, this-(God) being-from-the-beginning Lord of heaven and of earth does not dwell-down in handmade interior-temples, .25(a)nor is He attended-to by menly hands (as though He is) supplicating-for something.

Paul is speaking in these verses and says:

  • "The God,
    • emphatically and specifically the God Who has made the world (the ordered-arrangement of the whole universe)
    • and all the-things within it (not only a certain portion of it like the gods you have who only represent some phase of human life or nature or something else),
  • this God
    • from the beginning, the start, originating being Lord (Master) of heaven (everything above the earth) and of earth (everything on or in the earth),
  • does not permanently dwell (settle-down, fixedly house or inhabit)
    • within handmade interior-temples (the holiest temple areas made by the hands of mankind like your idols fit inside your shrines and grottos),
  • nor is He attended to (treated therapeutically, taken care of as necessary, as to heal Him and make Him better)
    • by the power of menly (human) hands,
    • as though this God is in need of something and is expressing His lack towards mankind so that they would provide it for Him."

I Corinthians chapter 3 refers to what the interior-temple of God consists of today during the new covenant times:

I Corinthians 3:16 and 17:
.16You knew2 that you are (the) interior-temple of God, even the spirit of God dwells in you, don't you? – (yes) - .17if someone corrupts the interior-temple of God, God will corrupt this (person or spirit), for the interior-temple of God is holy, the-people-whom you are.

Paul and Apollos had previously taught the Corinthian people God's Word and in this letter Paul has already written that they are God's tillage, His house being built, and that the foundation is Jesus Christ. Now Paul asks them:

  • Don't you know that you (all of you collectively) are
    • the interior-temple of God (the innermost-part of God's temple, as the most sacred area),
  • and that the spirit of, belonging-to and proceeding-from God
    • dwells within you?

Every holy-person has received God's gift of holy spirit by means of the Lord Jesus Christ within him/her and it has all the ability, authority, etc, of the resurrected Christ. This holy spirit presently and actively dwells (inhabits, is housed) within all holy-people. Nothing or nobody can change this holy and spiritual truth.

However, as regards the walk (behavior, conduct, fellowship or state) category which can fluctuate...

  • if some person or spirit corrupts (causes to decay, brings into a worse state, mars)
    • the interior-temple of God,
  • there is no doubt about it but that God will in the future corrupt this person or spirit!
  • How?
    • In fire.
  • Why?
    • In truth, God's interior-temple is holy (sanctified).

Paul teaches with emphasis that the interior-temple of God consists of all who are God's people - all of the church, all holy-people (Christians), no matter what location we may live in.

God's interior-temple is not a stone or brick building or any other materials which can be burned-down. God's interior-temple is made up of His people who have received the gift of holy spirit, and the Lord Jesus Christ is the foundation. God's people cannot be burned-down by that fire which God by means of the Lord Jesus Christ will initiate to purify and "clean up" the world and all in it at a future time.

II Corinthians chapter 6 refers to the interior-temple of the living God:

II Corinthians 6:16:
.16But what consent (is there with the) interior-temple of God with idols? For you are (the) interior-temple of (the) living God – according as God said that "I will indwell in them and I will walk-in (them) and I will be their God and they will be My people,"

What consent (what strong assenting with another, as putting down one's vote being in concord of opinion together with the other)...

  • is there
    • with God's innermost part of the temple
    • in company and association with idols?

None! There is no consent between them because one is the antithesis of the other.

Next, Paul teaches regarding the interior-temple of God relative-to the present time-period - which is between the day of Pentecost (recorded in Acts chapter 2) and the future coming of Christ to gather all holy-people together with him in the air.

  • In truth, emphatically you (holy-people - not someone else or some physical place - you yourselves)
    • are the interior-temple
      • of the living God.

All holy-people are the interior-temple of God Who is alive. The only true God is not a figment of mankind's imagination, nor has He died, nor has He been updated by a bigger version and/or better model or release made by mankind!

God is alive - living.

Emphatically you are the interior-temple of the living God, which is according as God communicated with words (refer to Leviticus 26:11 and 12 and Ezekiel 37:27):

  • "I will indwell in them (I will actively inhabit, house within/among them)
  • and I will walk-in them (as moving about on foot within/among them)
  • and I will be their God (the God of, belonging-to them)
    • and emphatically they will be My people (collectively as one group belonging to Me)."

What God said during the old covenant times has already come to pass pertaining to all holy-people today in the spirit category - we are God's people now.

Revelation chapter 3 refers to the interior-temple and the new Jerusalem:

Revelation 3:12:
.12The (person) being-victorious - I will make him a pillar in the interior-temple of my God, and he may never yet go-out outside, and I will write on him the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, the (one) descending out-from heaven from my God, and my name, the new (name).

The Lord Jesus Christ says: The person being victorious (actively gaining the victory, conquering)...

  •  I will make him a pillar in the interior-temple of my God (not a literal pillar but in the figurative sense I will make the person being victorious a column, a firm-support with responsibility within the innermost part of my God's temple),
    • and he may never yet go-out outside (he would not come out from it leaving it at any time),
  • and I will write on him (identifying the person who is being victorious with/by) 
    • the name of my God (designating him as belonging to God and living within His authority, ability, etc)
    • and the name of the city of my God (designating him as being a citizen belonging to this city and living within its realm; God is the One Who governs this fortified, walled town, providing protection to those dwelling within it),
      • which is the new Jerusalem (the Jerusalem that is newly-made and different compared to the old city previously in existence, new in comparison to what existed previously, a new one replacing the former one),
      • emphatically and specifically the one that is descending out-from heaven (moving downwards, coming down from the sky above)
      • from my God,
    • and my name,
      • emphatically and specifically the new name (newly-made and different compared to the old name previously in existence, new in comparison to what existed previously, a new name replacing the former name).

The person having an ear must hear what the spirit says to the churches.

Colossians chapter 1 refers to the body of Christ which is the church:

Colossians 1:18:
.18and he is the head of the body of the church,

The Lord Jesus Christ himself is the head (the chief or principal part) of the body of the church. This church is Christ's body, and the body could not live or function without the head.

Christ is the head, from where the rest of the body is to take its instructions. All holy-people are limbs of Christ's body because of having received holy spirit-life, which is the spirit of Christ within us. 

Ephesians chapter 2 refers to full reconciliation in one body to God and also refers to the interior-temple:

Ephesians 2:13-18:
.13but now in Christ Jesus you, the (people) at-some-time being distant, were caused-to-become near in the blood of Christ, .14for he is our peace, the (one) having made both one and having loosened the middle-wall of the fenced-enclosure, the enmity, in his flesh, .15having rendered-ineffective the law of the commandments in order that he may create the two in himself into one new man making peace .16and he may fully-reconcile both in one body to God by means of the cross, having killed the enmity in himself .17and having come he good-messaged peace to you, the distant-people, and peace to the near-people, .18because by means of him we both have the access in one spirit towards the Father.

You (holy-people) are at the present time within Christ Jesus (because you have already received the gift of holy spirit from God by means of the Lord Jesus Christ)...

  • however, at a past time your were being distant (a long way away, far)
    • from God and God's people
  • but you were caused to become near
    • within Christ's blood (his blood was shed, he died on your behalf).

In truth, Christ Jesus himself is our peace (tranquil harmony, tranquility, peaceful wholeness, without any strife or disagreement). How?

Christ Jesus is the one who has already...

  • made both one (Christ has brought-about the completed action of both)
    • the distant-people (the Gentiles/other-nations who believe what God says)
    • and the near-people (Israelites/Judeans who believe what God says)
      • becoming one (not two different and separate peoples - but one),
  • and loosened (Christ unbound what was bound, he untied, unfastened)
    • the middle-wall of the fenced-enclosure (the inside dividing partition of the surrounding wall of God's spiritual temple - this is similar to the natural/physical realm where there was a partition between God's area and God's people's area within the temple during the old covenant times - and so when it was loosened then freedom of movement was given to those within the temple),
      • and this middle-wall was the enmity (the opposition, hostility between God and people)

...in his flesh. Christ Jesus did this within the sphere of action of his flesh. How?

Christ Jesus is the one who has...

  • rendered ineffective (caused to be inactive, inoperative and useless)
    • the law of the commandments (Jesus Christ fully completed all of them, including death on the cross; there is nothing else to be done as far as the law that God had given to Moses, Joshua and others for the sons/descendants of Jacob/Israel, to fulfill during the old covenant times)
  • for the purpose and result that
    • he would create the two (Israel and Gentile who believe what God says)
      • within himself
      • into or resulting-in one new man (only one)
      • making peace (only those being within Christ become one new man, and Christ is the one who is producing peace among all within him)
    • and he would fully-reconcile both (Israel and Gentile),
      • within the sphere of action of his one spiritual body,
      • to the only true God

...by means of the cross. Christ Jesus did this through his death on the cross. How?

Christ is the one who has...

  • killed outrightly the enmity in himself (he put to death the opposition, the hostility between both the Israeli-Gentile peoples together and God, within the sphere of action of himself - he died for the sins of all mankind),
  • and he has come (in this context he came when the gift of holy spirit was shed-forth to mankind, which is the spirit of Christ, recorded in Acts chapter 2)
  • and he has good-messaged (gospelized, evangelized)
    • peace to/for you - the distant-people and the near-people (peace was good-messaged by Christ to you Gentiles and descendants of Israel who believe what God says).

In verse 15 the Greek word translated "new" - one new man - emphasizes the truth that this man is newly-made and different from what was previously in effect, new because it is different from that which had been formerly, new because it replaces the old! This new man came into being on the day of Pentecost, recorded in Acts chapter 2.

We (holy-people, Christians) are all in Christ, in his one spiritual body. We are all limbs of his body. This is similar to the physical foot and arm and eye, etc, being in a person's physical body - many limbs, and all the limbs together constitute one body. We are the one spiritual body of Christ and Christ is the head, and we all share-in-common the same holy spirit-life.

Why has Christ good-messaged peace to those who receive the gift of holy spirit? Because it is by means of Christ (through him) that...

  • we both (holy-people of the Gentile/other-nation background and holy-people of the Judean/Israeli background)
    • have the access (the one and only leading or bringing towards, the approach)
      • in one spirit (the gift of holy spirit within every holy-person)
        • towards the Father (with God our Father, in His presence).

God is the Father of the Lord Jesus Christ and the Father of all holy-people. The word "Father" emphasizes our sonship relationship with God because we have the spirit of Christ in us.

Verses 21-22:
.21in whom all (the) building joining-together increases into (the) holy interior-temple in (the) Lord, .22in whom also you are being built-together into (the) dwelling-down-place of God in spirit. 

In verse 21 Paul continues: it is within Christ Jesus that...

  • all the building (every part of this one building - in the figurative sense, not the literal sense of a physical building) -
    • which is joining together (fitting or framing itself together because all parts, the holy-people who are all in Christ, are laid fitting in conjunction with/to/into one-another) -
  •  increases (grows, augments, expands)
    • into the holy interior-temple
      • in the Lord Jesus Christ.

It is also within Christ Jesus that...

  • you (holy-people) are presently being built-together
    • into God's dwelling-down place (His permanent dwelling place)
      • in spirit (within that holy spirit-life which all true Christians have already received, which is the spirit of Christ).

Ephesians chapter 4 refers to one body and one spirit:

Ephesians 4:4:
.4(for there is) one body and one spirit, according as also you were called in one hope of your calling,

The truth is that there is...

  • one body (the one spiritual body of Christ of which all holy-people are limbs/members)
  • and one spirit (the one holy spirit-life which is the spirit of Christ in all holy-people).

Ephesians chapter 5 refers to the interaction between Christ (the head) and his church (his body of holy-people):

Ephesians 5:21:
.21subjecting-yourselves to one-another in fear of Christ:

In this record, Paul continues teaching the holy-people how they ought to walk (behave, conduct themselves) by the freedom of their will during the everyday living of their lives:

  • be in submission to/with one-another
    • - what is the context of this submission? -
  • in fear of Christ (within the sphere of action of fear relative-to Christ).

Each one of us has the spirit of Christ in us, and therefore we ought to subject ourselves to one-another in fear of Christ. This fear refers to our fright, our being afraid at the consequences of the performance of any wrong behavior. We should manifest the awe and respect that is rightfully due and ought to be shown towards the Lord Jesus Christ, whom God has placed at His right-hand side, the position of being second-in-command to God Himself.

I Corinthians chapter 12 refers to the body of Christ having many limbs in it, and all the limbs are needed for the body to function the best way:

I Corinthians 12:12-14:
.12for fully-as the body is one (body) and it has many limbs, but all the limbs of the body, being many, it is one body – thus also (is) Christ, .13for also in one spirit we all were baptized into one body, whether Judeans or Greeks or slaves or freemen, and we were all given one spirit to drink, .14for also the body is not one limb but many.

Paul uses the physical body as an illustration to help us understand spiritual-things. In verse 12 he writes:

In truth, fully-as the physical body is...

  • one body (not two or more),
  • and this one body has
    • a lot of limbs (members, such as arms, legs, a nose, a mouth, etc),
    • but every one of the limbs together, which are a lot of limbs,
  • make-up that one physical body -

…in this manner also is Christ, for also we (holy-people) all were baptized (immersed, surrounded)...

  • within one spirit (one holy spirit-life – not two or more)
    • into one body (the resurrected Christ's spiritual body – not two or more),
      • no matter whether we are of the Judean (Israeli) background,
      • or the Greek background (Gentile, people of nations other-than Israel/Judah),
      • or slaves (in servitude to other men),
      • or freemen (at liberty from service to other men),

…and all of us holy-people were given to drink (let drink and so we all received)...

  • one spirit (holy spirit-life),

…for also...

  • the body of Christ is not only one limb,
    • but it is a lot of limbs put all together.

Every holy-person has been baptized in holy spirit and this is how each one of us became a limb (member) of the one spiritual body of Christ.

Further along in verse 27 Paul writes:

Verse 27:
.27But you are (the) body of Christ and limbs in-particular;

In the spirit category: all of you (holy-people, Christians) are the spiritual body of the resurrected Christ, and you are limbs (members) with each one of you being individual parts of the whole body – every part comes out-from the interior of the body.

All holy-people are connected to Christ and to each other by means of that holy spirit-life within each one. Christ is the head of the body and we are the other limbs of his spiritual body with different functions. Christ is continuing to do those things which God asks him to do, and we should also function correctly.

Romans chapter 12 refers to the various functions of the limbs within one body in Christ:

Romans 12:3-5:
.3For I say by means of the grace, the (grace) having been given to me, to every-person being among you, not to super-think against that-which it is necessary to think but to think with-a-view to soundly-think as God distributed a measure of belief to each-person; .4for fully-as we have many limbs in one body but all the limbs do not have the same practice, .5thus we (being) many-people are one body in Christ but uniquely limbs of one-another;

When any holy-person (Christian)...

  • is given an assignment to do,
  • or is given added information revealed to him/her
    • by God or by the Lord Jesus Christ
      • via their holy spirit-life or via whatever way God wishes to communicate His will regarding specific situations,

...then that holy-person is to believe what God says and obey Him.

Each holy-person is to think-soundly as God distributed a measure of belief to him/her. In Romans 12:4 and 5, Paul explains by giving the illustration of how a person's physical body operates to its own benefit - the whole profit. He writes:

Even just as…

  • we have a lot of limbs (members, for example we have a right hand and a left hand, feet, elbows, a nose, eyes, ears, kidneys, a heart, lungs, etc)
    • in one body (within one physical, fleshy body)
  • but all the limbs do not have the same practice (every limb in a body does not have the same habitual action to perform in the process of accomplishing something in the physical category; each limb has its own particular function within that one body and this is what allows each one to act in its own individual manner – not the same way as every other limb in that one body),

…in this manner…

  • we - being a lot of holy-people - are
    • one body (figuratively referring to the spirit category)
      • in Christ (we are within the cause and sphere of action, character, and attributes of Christ)
  • but we are uniquely limbs of one-another (the body consists of limbs who do not have the same practice from one to another; the members have assigned practices to carry-out one-by-one, each one, and all are connected to one-another so that the body functions correctly).

This one spiritual body of Christ has limbs (every holy-person) and each limb has its own particular function – this is what allows each one to act in its own individual manner in accordance with the measure of belief distributed to it by God (as verse 3 above). Each one of us should function as he/she is assigned, but yet each one of us is connected to all of the other limbs. We are not all placed as one-limb all doing exactly the same thing - that would not be a well-functioning body!

We have already been taught that the one thing that connects and unifies all of us is the holy spirit-life within us, and when each one of us functions as we are instructed to function within that one body, then each one of us is benefited individually, plus the whole body collectively is benefited. It is noteworthy that Paul does not say that anyone is left-out, or that it is for some holy-people only but not all.

I Corinthians chapter 10 refers to the church sharing with the accomplishments of Christ:

I Corinthians 10:15-17:
.15As to thoughtful-people I say (that) you must judge that-which I say: .16the cup of blessing which we bless, it is a sharing-in-common of the blood of Christ, isn't it? – (yes) – the bread which we break, it is a sharing-in-common of the body of Christ, isn't it? – (yes).17because we (being) many-people are one bread, one body – for we all (of us holy-people) share out-from one bread.

Paul teaches about those times during which we (holy-people, Christians) gather-together with one another in celebration of all that God has already done and continues to do for/to/with us by means of our Lord Jesus Christ.

The blessing of the blood of Christ is the remission (dismissal) of sins, for without the shedding of blood there could not be any remission of sins. Our blessing is that we share the blood of Christ in common – our sins are dismissed.

Jesus Christ's physical body was killed – but God raised Jesus Christ from the dead and now he has his spiritual body and he cannot and will not die again. We spiritually share the body of Christ in common because we have believed what God has said and thus God gave us the gift of holy spirit by means of the Lord Jesus Christ. We are limbs of his spiritual body. Spiritually we have received the deposit which is our holy spirit-life, which is our guarantee that we will receive our new spiritual bodies when Christ comes to gather us all together with him. Our bodies will be formed together with the body of his glory.

Verse 17 says that we – all of us many holy-people – are...

  • one bread,
  • one body.

In truth, all of us share out-from one bread, the one true bread in the spirit category. We partake in association with one another of the one bread who is Christ. Christ is the one who sustains and maintains us. Christ himself is the bread which he gave to us so that we all share equally and fully of his spiritual body. We are all limbs of his body, and this is available now because of what his death, resurrection, ascension into heaven, etc, accomplished.

I Corinthians chapter 6 refers to the behavior of the limbs of the body of Christ, and to the interior-temple:

I Corinthians 6:15-17:
.15You knew2 that your bodies are limbs of Christ, don't you? – (yes) – therefore, having lifted the limbs of Christ, should I make (them) limbs of a female-fornicator? – may it not become! .16You knew2 that the (person) being-glued-together to a female-fornicator is one body (with her), don't you? – (yes) – for He says, "The two will be into one flesh"; .17but the (person) being-glued-together to the Lord is one spirit!

These verses emphasize the total contrast - between the physical category of this world - and who we are spiritually having become children of the only true God because we have holy spirit-life within us. In verse 15 Paul writes: you knew and you still know (perceive), don’t you, that...

  • your bodies are
    • limbs of Christ (members of Christ's body spiritually)?

This question is constructed in such a manner in Greek that the answer must be affirmative - "yes, we know this." We are joined or tied together spiritually in Christ's body (not multiple bodies but one, just like one physical human body has different limbs in it such as two arms, legs, a nose, etc).

Christ himself is the head of his one body. Christ has not been cut-up and distributed in little pieces to each of us, but we received the spirit of Christ because it is the same spirit, the spirit that God gave Christ when He resurrected him. Instead of viewing ourselves as physical bodies needing food for the belly, etc - we ought to view ourselves from God's viewpoint. 

Verse 15 continues with another question:

  • therefore,
  • having lifted (taken-up and carried)
    • the limbs of Christ's body away-from where they ought to be in the walk (behavior, conduct) category,
  • should I (Paul myself as an example)
    • make them the limbs of a female-fornicator (a prostitute, one who sells herself to partake in sexual relations with another in order to receive payment for it, she sells herself and does what the other says so-as to receive a reward from her ‘partner’)?

In the context of this passage Paul is referring to holy-people (Christian men and women), who have holy spirit-life within them but who refuse to believe all that God has given them by means of their holy spirit-life. They sell themselves figuratively speaking, opening themselves up to receiving information, etc, from the world and devil-spirit influences. They would be spiritually fornicating with idols (being intimate with the devil and the things of the devil) while physically having sexual relations at the meetings as a form of sacrifice in order to gain spiritual favor from God - this spiritual favor would be the payment they would ask in return for their "service to God"!

But the thought of such a thing being so repulsive to Paul is conveyed in his expression of:

  • may it not become (may it not come into being that such a thing could happen at any time)!

How could a holy-person who is a limb of the body of Christ make himself a limb of a female prostitute in the walk (behavior, conduct) category from God's point of view? Because as Paul explains:

  • you knew and you still know (perceive),
    • don’t you,
  • that the person who is being glued together (adhering, sticking, cleaving himself)
    • to a female fornicator
      • is thereby one body with her?

Again, the unwritten answer is "yes, we know this." Anyone who makes the decision to fornicate with fornicators is in fact a fornicator himself/herself - no matter what he/she may think is the reason for doing such acts.

Paul continues teaching by reminding them:

  • God says that the two people
    • will be into (directed to, resulting in)
      • one flesh (only one flesh from God’s viewpoint, not two different fleshes existing and behaving separately from one-another).

God revealed this information to Moses when he was writing about the first man and woman, Adam and Eve. God is the One Who brought this to light by speaking it (refer to Genesis 2:21-24). 

In verse 17 Paul continues:

  • the person being glued together (adhering, sticking, cleaving himself)
    • to/with the Lord
      • is one spirit (only one spirit, not two different spirits existing and behaving separately from one-another).

This is God’s and the Lord Jesus Christ’s viewpoint of all holy-people, because when we believed what God has given to be believed regarding Himself and His son, the Lord Jesus Christ, we were given holy spirit-life, the same life that our Lord/Master has. We became one spirit. We have the spirit of Christ within us. We are limbs of the one spiritual body of Christ. We (holy-people) and our Lord Jesus Christ are one spirit – in comparison to a husband and wife being one flesh.

Verses 19-20:
.19Or, you knew2 that your body is (the) interior-temple of the holy spirit in you which you have from God, and you are not of yourselves, don’t you? – (yes).20for you were bought of price; indeed you must glorify God in your body.

In verse 19 Paul asks:

  • You knew and you still know (perceive), don’t you,
  • that your body (singular – altogether as one unit)
    • is the interior-temple
      • of, belonging-to and containing the holy spirit within you
      • which (spirit) you have from God
  • and you are not belonging to yourselves?

Again, the unwritten answer to this two-fold question in the Greek construction must be in agreement – "yes, we know." Paul expected the Corinthian holy-people to know this truth. There is no place for "doing it my way" or "doing what the committee says" if it is against what God says! The interior-temple of God now consists of all holy-people, no matter what location we may live in.

In truth, you were bought of price – absolutely you must glorify God in your body. Indeed all of you together must actively give God the glory (the importance, splendor, renown) within your body (one-unit because of having the same holy spirit-life within you, you are the one spiritual body of Christ).

All that you do with your body during the everyday living of your lives must be to God's glory.