Summary of the Book of Ruth

The Book of Ruth gives the link in the genealogy of King David and of Christ who is called "the son of David" (refer to Matthew 1:1-16, Romans 1:3, and II Timothy 2:8).

Ruth was a Gentile (not of the Judean/Israeli descent but from another ethnic group, her background was a nation other-than Israel/Judah) and married an Hebrew husband (of the Judean/Israeli descent). The Book of Ruth also shows the type (pattern) of the coming Christ who would be the kinsman-redeemer to God's people of any descent or background.

The following verses are quoted from the King James Version (KJV) of the Bible:

Ruth 1:1-5:
1:1Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons. 2And the name of the man was Elimelech, and the name of his wife Naomi, and the name of his two sons Mahlon and Chilion, Ephrathites of Bethlehemjudah. And they came into the country of Moab, and continued there. 3And Elimelech Naomi's husband died; and she was left, and her two sons. 4And they took them wives of the women of Moab; the name of the one was Orpah, and the name of the other Ruth: and they dwelled there about ten years. 5And Mahlon and Chilion died also both of them; and the woman was left of her two sons and her husband.

The time when the judges ruled began about 1450 B.C. until the time that Saul became king about 1000 B.C. In this record we read that a famine forced a man named Elimelech (Hebrew: God is my king), his wife Naomi, and their 2 sons, to move from Bethlehem (Hebrew: house of bread) in the land of Judah to the land of Moab on the east side of the Dead/Salt Sea.

However, Elimelech died, and therefore Naomi was left being a widow with her 2 sons. The 2 sons got married: one to a woman named Orpah and the other to a woman named Ruth. But after 10 years from the death of Elimelech, the 2 sons died - now Naomi was left with her 2 daughters-in-law.

Famine in the land and death are emphasized in these verses which were some of the consequences for God's people rejecting the truth of God's Word to/for them.

[Reference: Deuteronomy 23:3-6 refers to the men, males of Moab (not females).]

Ruth 1:6-13:
6Then she arose with her daughters in law, that she might return from the country of Moab: for she had heard in the country of Moab how that the LORD had visited his people in giving them bread. 7Wherefore she went forth out of the place where she was, and her two daughters in law with her; and they went on the way to return unto the land of Judah. 8And Naomi said unto her two daughters in law, Go, return each to her mother's house: the LORD deal kindly with you, as ye have dealt with the dead, and with me. 9The LORD grant you that ye may find rest, each of you in the house of her husband. Then she kissed them; and they lifted up their voice, and wept. 10And they said unto her, Surely we will return with thee unto thy people. 11And Naomi said, Turn again, my daughters: why will ye go with me? are there yet any more sons in my womb, that they may be your husbands? 12Turn again, my daughters, go your way; for I am too old to have an husband. If I should say, I have hope, if I should have an husband also to night, and should also bear sons; 13Would ye tarry for them till they were grown? would ye stay for them from having husbands? nay, my daughters; for it grieveth me much for your sakes that the hand of the LORD is gone out against me.

Naomi made plans to return to the land of Judah from where they had removed themselves previously. God was providing the people in the land of Judah with food to eat. The famine had come to an end.

She kindly gave her 2 daughters-in-law the opportunity to go home to their parent's land because they had shown kindness towards herself, her sons, and husband before they died.

But the 2 women told Naomi that they would return with her to Judah. Naomi then asked if they expected her to give birth to 2 more sons so that they would marry them instead, which was in line with the usual custom at that time.

[Reference: Deuteronomy 25:5-10.]

Ruth 1:14-18:
14And they lifted up their voice, and wept again: and Orpah kissed her mother in law; but Ruth clave unto her. 15And she said, Behold, thy sister in law is gone back unto her people, and unto her gods: return thou after thy sister in law. 16And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God: 17Where thou diest, will I die, and there will I be buried: the LORD do so to me, and more also, if ought but death part thee and me. 18When she saw that she was stedfastly minded to go with her, then she left speaking unto her.

Ruth decided not to leave her mother-in-law - even though Ruth's husband (Naomi's son) had died. She told Naomi that the Judean people will be her people and that Naomi's God (the only true God) will be her God. Ruth refused to go back to her own family and the false gods which they worshipped and served (idolatry), even though she may have found a new husband there, plus Naomi had given her the freedom of doing so.

Ruth chose the only true God as her God and to do what He would want her to do, instead of what her natural family with their false gods would have wanted her to do.

[Reference: Numbers 21:29; I Kings 11:7 and 33.]

Ruth 1:19-22:
19So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi? 20And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me. 21I went out full, and the LORD hath brought me home again empty: why then call ye me Naomi, seeing the LORD hath testified against me, and the Almighty hath afflicted me? 22So Naomi returned, and Ruth the Moabitess, her daughter in law, with her, which returned out of the country of Moab: and they came to Bethlehem in the beginning of barley harvest.

Naomi and Ruth returned to Bethlehem about 1326 B.C. before a year of Jubilee began. The women who had known Naomi were excited that she came back. However, she understood that the bad things that occurred were the result of previously going against what God had said to His people. She had returned empty and therefore she did not want to be called by her name Naomi, which represents being happy, sweet, pleasant, but by a name which represents receiving bitterness, being in a bitter situation.

Now she was back home in Judah with Ruth at the beginning of harvest time; and even though Ruth had a Gentile background, Naomi graciously allowed her to be with her in Judah worshipping the only true God.

Ruth 2:1-3:
2:1And Naomi had a kinsman of her husband's, a mighty man of wealth, of the family of Elimelech; and his name was Boaz. 2And Ruth the Moabitess said unto Naomi, Let me now go to the field, and glean ears of corn after him in whose sight I shall find grace. And she said unto her, Go, my daughter. 3And she went, and came, and gleaned in the field after the reapers: and her hap was to light on a part of the field belonging unto Boaz, who was of the kindred of Elimelech.

Boaz was a man of ability and valor, and he was a kinsman (relative) of Naomi's deceased husband. Usually, when a woman's husband died without any sons born to him, it was up to her husband's brother to marry her in his place and so keep the man's seed alive via any sons born to him (if there was no brother, then the next nearest relative, and so-on down the line of relatives had the opportunity to do so).

Also, the poor were allowed to gather the crops that were purposefully left during harvest time for them by the owners in accordance with God's instructions. Ruth asked Naomi for permission to gather the leftover crops and Naomi agreed.

[Reference: Leviticus 19:9 and 10, 23:22; Deuteronomy 24:19-22; Matthew 1:5.]

Ruth 2:4-7:
4And, behold, Boaz came from Bethlehem, and said unto the reapers, The LORD be with you. And they answered him, The LORD bless thee. 5Then said Boaz unto his servant that was set over the reapers, Whose damsel is this? 6And the servant that was set over the reapers answered and said, It is the Moabitish damsel that came back with Naomi out of the country of Moab: 7And she said, I pray you, let me glean and gather after the reapers among the sheaves: so she came, and hath continued even from the morning until now, that she tarried a little in the house.

Boaz also came from Bethlehem as did Elimelech (refer to Ruth 1:1). When Boaz arrived at his land, he noticed the woman, Ruth, and he inquired about her. His servant gave a helpful response about Ruth to him.

It is interesting to notice that both Boaz and his workers were believers in the Lord God, freely speaking regarding God to one-another in their greetings.

Ruth 2:8-16:
8Then said Boaz unto Ruth, Hearest thou not, my daughter? Go not to glean in another field, neither go from hence, but abide here fast by my maidens: 9Let thine eyes be on the field that they do reap, and go thou after them: have I not charged the young men that they shall not touch thee? and when thou art athirst, go unto the vessels, and drink of that which the young men have drawn. 10Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in thine eyes, that thou shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger? 11And Boaz answered and said unto her, It hath fully been shewed me, all that thou hast done unto thy mother in law since the death of thine husband: and how thou hast left thy father and thy mother, and the land of thy nativity, and art come unto a people which thou knewest not heretofore. 12The LORD recompense thy work, and a full reward be given thee of the LORD God of Israel, under whose wings thou art come to trust.
13Then she said, Let me find favour in thy sight, my lord; for that thou hast comforted me, and for that thou hast spoken friendly unto thine handmaid, though I be not like unto one of thine handmaidens. 14And Boaz said unto her, At mealtime come thou hither, and eat of the bread, and dip thy morsel in the vinegar. And she sat beside the reapers: and he reached her parched corn, and she did eat, and was sufficed, and left. 15And when she was risen up to glean, Boaz commanded his young men, saying, Let her glean even among the sheaves, and reproach her not: 16And let fall also some of the handfuls of purpose for her, and leave them, that she may glean them, and rebuke her not.

Boaz addressed Ruth as "my daughter" to indicate to her that he recognized her young age and that he would treat her like a father who would make sure his daughter was safe from any harm. She was to keep company with the other young women who were also gleaning the fields (gathering the leftover crops) behind the reapers.

Boaz came to know who Ruth was, her character and disposition. He arranged with her, and the young men also working there, that she could work freely without harassment and glean the food that she required for herself and Naomi. Ruth had come to rely-on and take refuge-in the care, shelter, and protection towards her from the only true God (figuratively referred to as His "wings").

Note that Boaz did not just give her a "free handout" - he graciously made sure that there would be plenty there waiting for her, but she would have to work in order to receive it!

Ruth behaved herself, was thankful, and did her best for her mother-in-law; she worked honestly to get food for both of them.  

Ruth 2:17-23:
17So she gleaned in the field until even, and beat out that she had gleaned: and it was about an ephah of barley. 18And she took it up, and went into the city: and her mother in law saw what she had gleaned: and she brought forth, and gave to her that she had reserved after she was sufficed. 19And her mother in law said unto her, Where hast thou gleaned to day? and where wroughtest thou? blessed be he that did take knowledge of thee. And she shewed her mother in law with whom she had wrought, and said, The man's name with whom I wrought to day is Boaz.
20And Naomi said unto her daughter in law, Blessed be he of the LORD, who hath not left off his kindness to the living and to the dead. And Naomi said unto her, The man is near of kin unto us, one of our next kinsmen. 21And Ruth the Moabitess said, He said unto me also, Thou shalt keep fast by my young men, until they have ended all my harvest. 22And Naomi said unto Ruth her daughter in law, It is good, my daughter, that thou go out with his maidens, that they meet thee not in any other field. 23So she kept fast by the maidens of Boaz to glean unto the end of barley harvest and of wheat harvest; and dwelt with her mother in law.

Ruth had gathered enough food for herself and Naomi to last them a few days. When Ruth told Naomi in whose field she was working, Naomi said that he was a man blessed by God (receiving the good things that God says, God's blessings) and that God has not stopped being kind to them. This is the same root word as the word "kindly" in Ruth 1:8, which indicates kindness, benevolence, supplying what is appropriately needed for use in specific situations such as love and mercy.

Naomi told her who Boaz was in relation to Naomi: a near/close relative, a kinsman, a redeemer able to buy them back into the household along with their property to ensure the continuation of the family lineage and land ownership - the whole inheritance.

Naomi also warned Ruth not to stray away from Boaz' field and into a field belonging to someone else - and Ruth obeyed her and stayed in company with the young women working in Boaz' field during that time.

The time of the wheat harvest was around the Feast of Pentecost (usually held at the beginning of the month of June; 7th Sivan in the Judean calendar). Pentecost was an important feast for the children of Israel. The word "Pentecost" is taken from the Greek word meaning "fiftieth" because it was celebrated on the fiftieth day from the day after the weekly sabbath during their Passover (Unleavened bread) feast. Pentecost is sometimes called the "Feast of Harvest" or the "Day of the First-fruits" or the "Feast of Weeks" (refer to Exodus 23:16, Deuteronomy 16:9-12, Numbers 28:26-31, and Leviticus 23:15-22 for further details).

[Reference: Deuteronomy 25:5-10.]

Ruth 3:1-5:
3:1Then Naomi her mother in law said unto her, My daughter, shall I not seek rest for thee, that it may be well with thee? 2And now is not Boaz of our kindred, with whose maidens thou wast? Behold, he winnoweth barley to night in the threshingfloor. 3Wash thyself therefore, and anoint thee, and put thy raiment upon thee, and get thee down to the floor: but make not thyself known unto the man, until he shall have done eating and drinking. 4And it shall be, when he lieth down, that thou shalt mark the place where he shall lie, and thou shalt go in, and uncover his feet, and lay thee down; and he will tell thee what thou shalt do. 5And she said unto her, All that thou sayest unto me I will do.

Naomi was arranging to find rest for Ruth by settling down through marriage and thereby they would be redeemed from their situation.

The threshing floor was a flat and hard surface on a raised area where the grain was beaten to separate it from the stalks or oxen were used to tread over it. Then the people would winnow it by throwing it into the air so that the chaff would be blown away from the good grain which fell back down onto the threshing floor. Then they would gather the good grain to be stored for eating by the owner and his family, or to be sold. It was a festive time of threshing and winnowing, and the people rejoiced with the abundance of food.

During the days when Boaz was threshing his grain, Naomi gave instructions for Ruth to follow since Boaz would sleep close to his grain during the nighttime so as to protect it. Ruth did not object but agreed to do all she was told to do. The outer clothing she would wear would conceal her identity until the appropriate time to reveal herself suitably for Boaz to recognize her and for her to request redemption while demonstrating her submission to his will. Ruth was not to interrupt Boaz during his work, meal, or sleep time.

Naomi also told Ruth that Boaz would tell her what she should do - it was Boaz' decision how he would proceed from the time of knowing who Ruth was, what she was doing, and hearing her request - all according to Naomi's instructions.

Ruth 3:6-13:
6And she went down unto the floor, and did according to all that her mother in law bade her. 7And when Boaz had eaten and drunk, and his heart was merry, he went to lie down at the end of the heap of corn: and she came softly, and uncovered his feet, and laid her down.
8And it came to pass at midnight, that the man was afraid, and turned himself: and, behold, a woman lay at his feet. 9And he said, Who art thou? And she answered, I am Ruth thine handmaid: spread therefore thy skirt over thine handmaid; for thou art a near kinsman. 10And he said, Blessed be thou of the LORD, my daughter: for thou hast shewed more kindness in the latter end than at the beginning, inasmuch as thou followedst not young men, whether poor or rich. 11And now, my daughter, fear not; I will do to thee all that thou requirest: for all the city of my people doth know that thou art a virtuous woman. 12And now it is true that I am thy near kinsman: howbeit there is a kinsman nearer than I. 13Tarry this night, and it shall be in the morning, that if he will perform unto thee the part of a kinsman, well; let him do the kinsman's part: but if he will not do the part of a kinsman to thee, then will I do the part of a kinsman to thee, as the LORD liveth: lie down until the morning.

Ruth carried out the instructions precisely by being quiet and uncovering his feet so that she could lie there. It was after Boaz woke up that she told him what Naomi told her to say. In fact, the record shows that he shook or trembled during his sleep and so he woke up suddenly and only then did he realize that someone was at his feet - Ruth did not wake him up.

In verse 9 above the word "skirt" could be translated as "wing" indicating the part of his clothes that hangs like a bird's wing covering and giving him protection and shelter - Ruth was requesting the same cover, protection, and shelter from him by way of marriage.

Boaz behaved in a righteous manner as did Ruth; he did not wrongfully take advantage of Ruth's situation. Boaz recognized that she was telling the truth and told her his opinion regarding her. In verse 10 above, he used the word "kindness" which is the same root word as in Ruth 2:20 and the word "kindly" in Ruth 1:8, indicating kindness, benevolence, supplying what is appropriately needed for use in specific situations such as love and mercy, while staying loyal or true to the only true God and His Word. Also the word "bless" is used as Ruth 2:4 and 19.

However, he also knew that there was a closer relative than he and therefore that closer relative had the right to redeem Ruth, Naomi, and/or the land that the women would have been entitled to live in if their husbands had remained alive.

Boaz again intended to do what God would want him to do in this situation of Ruth requesting redemption by a kinsman. He told her to stay where she was until the morning when he would investigate about the other kinsman who was closer in relationship and thus had the privilege of being first to decide if he wanted to be the redeemer pertaining to Ruth's circumstances.

Ruth 3:14-18:
14And she lay at his feet until the morning: and she rose up before one could know another. And he said, Let it not be known that a woman came into the floor. 15Also he said, Bring the vail that thou hast upon thee, and hold it. And when she held it, he measured six measures of barley, and laid it on her: and she went into the city.
16And when she came to her mother in law, she said, Who art thou, my daughter? And she told her all that the man had done to her. 17And she said, These six measures of barley gave he me; for he said to me, Go not empty unto thy mother in law. 18Then said she, Sit still, my daughter, until thou know how the matter will fall: for the man will not be in rest, until he have finished the thing this day.

Boaz said that it must not be made known that she was in that location during the night - Ruth was not to be telling everybody about what she had done - so as to eliminate any bad gossip that may have started about what happened between them. After Boaz gave Ruth barley into the covering that she was wearing, he began the task of checking on the close kinsman.

Ruth went back to Naomi. When Naomi asked Ruth about her circumstances, Ruth told here everything - there were no secrets between them. Then they both waited on Boaz, relying on him to do the right thing from God's viewpoint.

Ruth 4:1 and 2:
4:1Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! turn aside, sit down here. And he turned aside, and sat down. 2And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. And they sat down. 

The "gate" refers to the area immediately at or inside the city gate of Bethlehem where certain business transactions, legal proceedings, administrative or civic affairs were done. When Boaz saw the close kinsman who had the right of redemption approaching, he called and asked him to sit down with him to discuss the matter. He also brought 10 elder men to witness what would occur.

In this context, the word “elders” refers to the fact that these men, when compared to other people in the city, would have more knowledge, wisdom, dignity, etc - elders in service regarding the affairs of the city which should include matters relative to God and the things of God (not the literal meaning of being older in age than other people).

These men were about to judge (make their decision) regarding the redemption of Ruth and Naomi without their presence, and the 2 women were relying on Boaz to do God's intention - to do the right thing for them (refer to Ruth 3:18 above).

[Reference: Deuteronomy 25:5-10.]

Ruth 4:3 and 4:
3And he said unto the kinsman, Naomi, that is come again out of the country of Moab, selleth a parcel of land, which was our brother Elimelech's: 4And I thought to advertise thee, saying, Buy it before the inhabitants, and before the elders of my people. If thou wilt redeem it, redeem it: but if thou wilt not redeem it, then tell me, that I may know: for there is none to redeem it beside thee; and I am after thee. And he said, I will redeem it.

Boaz told the close kinsman about a piece of land (a field) that Naomi's husband owned and offered it to him by revealing or uncovering this information into his ear so that he could hear it. He gave him the opportunity to purchase it in the presence of the local people watching these events unfold and the elder men whom Boaz had brought to be the official witnesses of the transaction.

The close kinsman said that he was willing to redeem the property - buy it back so that it would stay in Elimelech's family of whom Naomi was the widow and past childbearing age - instead of selling it to some other family. He was the one who had the first right of redemption, and the succession of land was to occur among the male descendants. He wanted to purchase the field and retain it for his own inheritance by way of Naomi.

[Reference: Jeremiah 32:6-12.]

Ruth 4:5-8:
5Then said Boaz, What day thou buyest the field of the hand of Naomi, thou must buy it also of Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of the dead, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance. 6And the kinsman said, I cannot redeem it for myself, lest I mar mine own inheritance: redeem thou my right to thyself; for I cannot redeem it. 7Now this was the manner in former time in Israel concerning redeeming and concerning changing, for to confirm all things; a man plucked off his shoe, and gave it to his neighbour: and this was a testimony in Israel. 8Therefore the kinsman said unto Boaz, Buy it for thee. So he drew off his shoe.

When Boaz told the close kinsman some additional details about acquiring the field - specifically about Naomi's daughter-in-law, Ruth, and that her husband (Elimelech's son) had died without a son and therefore he would need to raise children with Ruth, so as to produce seed or offspring for Elimelech and therefore that son would then own the inheritance - he refused to marry Ruth and have children with her. His viewpoint was that he already had an inheritance and he wanted to keep it without any people spoiling or destroying him, his own inheritance, or his own lineage!

The close kinsman rejected both the land and the people and he demonstrated his intentional forfeiture of his hereditary right very clearly as a witness for all of the people of Israel to know the validity of the transaction. He confirmed his abandonment and his willing transfer to Boaz who gained the right to that property, to set his foot on it because of it becoming his own land.

The time of the year of Jubilee had arrived literally when this was done, plus in the figurative sense of redeeming both the land and the people back to God.

[Reference: Deuteronomy 1:36, 11:24, 25:5-10; Joshua 1:3, 14:9; Amos 8:6.]

Ruth 4:9-12:
9And Boaz said unto the elders, and unto all the people, Ye are witnesses this day, that I have bought all that was Elimelech's, and all that was Chilion's and Mahlon's, of the hand of Naomi. 10Moreover Ruth the Moabitess, the wife of Mahlon, have I purchased to be my wife, to raise up the name of the dead upon his inheritance, that the name of the dead be not cut off from among his brethren, and from the gate of his place: ye are witnesses this day. 11And all the people that were in the gate, and the elders, said, We are witnesses. The LORD make the woman that is come into thine house like Rachel and like Leah, which two did build the house of Israel: and do thou worthily in Ephratah, and be famous in Bethlehem: 12And let thy house be like the house of Pharez, whom Tamar bare unto Judah, of the seed which the LORD shall give thee of this young woman.

Boaz agreed to redeem the land along with the people concerned (Naomi and Ruth) and raise children with Ruth to maintain the whole inheritance according to God's intention for redemption and keep the family lineage or genealogy intact. Part of the inheritance was "the gate of his place" indicating a position of judgment among the people as the other elders of that city of Bethlehem.

The witness was complete. The attestation of these events was both spoken and performed, declaring it, bringing it to light, and confirming that the outcome was authentic and valid.

All of the people and elders attending said that they were witnesses and then prayed to God regarding Ruth bearing a son, even though she had been barren during her marriage to Mahlon, and regarding Boaz living with valor and having a name known throughout Bethlehem. They referred to:

  • Rachel and Leah,
    • who bore the 12 sons of Israel (Jacob),
  • and the house of Pharez (also refer to verses 18 and 19 below),
    • whom Tamar bore to Judah in accordance with the Law of Moses to bear legitimate children.

[Reference: Genesis chapters 29-31, 35:16-26, 38:6-29, chapter 46, 48:7 and 49:31; I Chronicles 2:1-15; Matthew 1:1-3; Luke 3:33-38.]

Ruth 4:13-22:
13So Boaz took Ruth, and she was his wife: and when he went in unto her, the LORD gave her conception, and she bare a son. 14And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel. 15And he shall be unto thee a restorer of thy life, and a nourisher of thine old age: for thy daughter in law, which loveth thee, which is better to thee than seven sons, hath born him. 16And Naomi took the child, and laid it in her bosom, and became nurse unto it. 17And the women her neighbours gave it a name, saying, There is a son born to Naomi; and they called his name Obed: he is the father of Jesse, the father of David. 
18Now these are the generations of Pharez: Pharez begat Hezron, 19And Hezron begat Ram, and Ram begat Amminadab, 20And Amminadab begat Nahshon, and Nahshon begat Salmon, 21And Salmon begat Boaz, and Boaz begat Obed, 22And Obed begat Jesse, and Jesse begat David.

Boaz legally redeemed Naomi and Ruth, taking Ruth as his wife. God gave Ruth the ability to conceive by Boaz and she bore a son. Ruth also recognized that this son was legally the heir of the whole inheritance and so allowed Naomi to raise him as her own son. What a great year of Jubilee!

Naomi accepted and nursed him calling his name Obed - and as the scripture says in verse 17, Obed became the father of Jesse, who was the father of King David the prophet of God (born about 990 B.C.), plus the Lord Jesus Christ was his descendant.

Naomi was now full again - full of blessings that God graced towards her via Ruth and Boaz in Bethlehem, the house of bread. The ten generations from Pharez to David are listed for the royal lineage - the king's family tree.

The name of the true kinsman-redeemer and king, the Lord Jesus Christ, would be made known not only in Bethlehem and Israel, but throughout the whole world, and he would give eternal life to all of God's people no matter what ethnic background they may have.

[Reference: Genesis 38:6-29; I Samuel 17:12; II Samuel 7:12-16; I Chronicles 2:4; Matthew 1:1-17, 2:4-7; Luke 3:23-38; Romans 1:3; II Timothy 2:8; Revelation 22:16.]

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